Observational Study of janu Pramana (knee) in various geographical regions of India
Keywords:Janu Parinaha, Knee circumference, Pramana Sharir, Swanguli pramana
Context: Pramana Sharir (Anthropometry) is described as one of the tool to examine the patient and healthy individuals under the concept of dashvidh parikshabhava (tenfold examination) by Aacharya Charaka. Janu pramana (Knee joint measurement) is taken as one of the marker for sampramana (equal body measurement) which is 14 anguli in parinaha (circumference) cited by Aacharya Sushruta. Aim- the main aim of the study is to evaluate janu pramana (Knee joint measurement) in healthy individuals in this era. Methods and material- janu pramana (Knee joint measurement) of 400 healthy individuals from four geographical regions (100 from each region) of India was taken in four groups. Swanguali pramana (Individuals finger measurements) of individuals was taken with the help vernier callipers in centimeter and janu pramana was taken with the help of measuring tape in cm. Both this reading then converted into anguli pramana (Measurement tool by finger) and mean was drawn. Statistical analysis used- ANOVA test was used to draw the result. Result- it is observed that there is difference in the janu pramana stated by Aacharya Sushruta and janu pramana in this individuals and also there is difference in the janu pramana of individuals residing in different regions of India. Conclusion: This difference may be due to changing lifestyle and also due to some evolutionary changes. It may altered and affect the human anatomy.
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