Hypertension and Risk of Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) in Patients with ACS: A Study on 926 patients with ACS
Keywords:Acute Coronary Syndrome, Hypertension, Risk Factor, Cardiovascular Disease
Introduction: According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 1 billion people have been affected by hypertension (HTN). Since the role of HTN and its effects on patients with ACS is still unclear, the aim of this study was to determine whether HTN is a risk factor for patients with acute coronary syndrome admitted to ShahidZadeh hospital in Behbahan. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective cross-sectional descriptive study. In this study, 926 cases of patients with acs with or history of the disease who were referred to ShahidZadeh Hospital in Behbahan during 2016-2017 were studied. The required information was collected through a researcher checklist from the records. Data were then entered into SPSS software version 18. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and Chi-square and Chi-square test at a significant level of P <0.05. Results: 926 patients with ACS with an average age of 59.15 ± 15.5 were included in this study. In this study there was no significant correlation between gender and history of HTN (p = 0.17). Among the qualitative demographic variables, only the relationship between marital status and history of HTN was significant. There was a significant relationship between history of HTN with history of MI, history of angina, history of smoking and history of family history of cardiovascular problems (P <0.05). Conclusion: Considering the high prevalence of cardiovascular problems and the relationship between HTN and cardiovascular problems, especially acute coronary syndrome in this study, it is necessary to provide training and prevention to prevent further cardiovascular disease through Educational class, mass media and cyberspace and improve the level of knowledge of these patients and reduce cardiovascular risk factors.
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