A Systematic Review about Educational Interventions based on the Health Belief Model (HBM) aimed to prevent and control diabetes in Iran
Keywords:Systematic review, Diabetes, Health Belief Model, Intervention
Background: Diabetes is one of the most common metabolic diseases in the world and a serious health problem, that requires comprehensive interventions. This systematic review was conducted to summarize educational interventions based on the Health Belief Model aimed to prevent and control diabetes. Methods: Searches were done on May 30, 2019 in PubMed, Web of Science, Google Scholar, Embase, Scopus, SID, Magiran, and IranMedex databases in English and Persian. The inclusion criteria included quantitative original interventional studies that aimed to control type 2 diabetes, and the intervention was based on the Health Belief Model. Studies done outside of Iran, interventions on other types of diabetes, non-interventional studies, and reviews were excluded. Results: Eventually, 13 studies (6 English and 7 Persian articles) entered this systematic review. The intervention durations were from 2 to 3 months. These studies fell into three broad categories: 1- Prevention of the disease 2- Improving Nutrition behaviors in patients 3-Prevention of disease complications or its progress. All of the educational interventions showed a positive effect for education on the prevention and control of diabetes. Conclusions: Interventions based on the HBM have shown an effective role in controlling and preventing diabetes.
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