Comparing the Ultrasonography Diagnostic Value with Standard Radiography in Detecting Nasal Fractures
Keywords:Ultrasonography, Radiography, Diagnostic Value, Nasal Fractures
Background: Nasal bone fractures are the most typical kind of facial injuries. In recent years, ultrasonography has been suggested as an alternative method for detecting maxillofacial fractures. It can eliminate the risk of radiation exposure, especially in children and pregnant women. The objective of present study was to compare the diagnostic competency of conventional radiography with ultrasonography in the diagnosis of nasal injuries specially, fractures. Method: In prospective research, 331 patients with a history of midfacial trauma were enrolled. Following clinical examination, radiographs were obtained in lateral and occipitomental views. Ultrasonography was performed by an experienced sonologist, blinded to clinical findings in right and left lateral sides in addition to nasal dorsum. Images were analyzed by an experienced radiologist. Sensitivity, specificity and predictive values of radiology and US were determined by comparing their results with findings of the clinical examination as the gold standard. Results: In assessment of nasal fractures the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography were 97.79% and 97.66%, respectively; while for radiography these two factors were 81.21% and 86.66%, respectively. Based on the Chi-square test, ultrasonography was notably greater to radiography in diagnosing nasal fractures (P<0.001). Conclusion: Compared with radiography, ultrasonography had a higher sensitivity and specifity in detecting nasal fractures and seems to be an adequate method for the diagnosis of nasal fractures.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Ayurvedic Medicine
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The author hereby transfers, assigns, or conveys all copyright ownership to the International Journal of Ayurvedic Medicine (IJAM). By this transfer, the article becomes the property of the IJAM and may not be published elsewhere without written permission from the IJAM.
This transfer of copyright also implies transfer of rights for printed, electronic, microfilm, and facsimile publication. No royalty or other monetary compensation will be received for transferring the copyright of the article to the IJAM.
The IJAM, in turn, grants each author the right to republish the article in any book for which he or she is the author or editor, without paying royalties to the IJAM, subject to the express conditions that (a) the author notify IJAM in advance in writing of this republication and (b) a credit line attributes the original publication to IJAM.