Ventoluft Polyherbal formulation modulates Freund’s Complete Adjuvant induced arthritis in experimental rats
Keywords:Anti-arthritic activity, Freund’s Complete Adjuvant, Rheumatoid arthritis, Paw edema, Ventoluft
Background: Ventoluft Polyherbal formulation composes multiple traditional medicinal plants composed of various anti-inflammatory agents. Hence, the present study aimed to investigate the effect of Ventoluft Polyherbal formulation on Freund’s complete adjuvant-induced arthritic male Wistar rats. Materials and methods: The study included thirty-six rats, containing six in each. Arthritis was induced by injecting FCA (0.1ml) in joints of the right sub-plantar region of rats in negative control and all test groups i.e. (20, 40, and 80mg/kg p.o) for 28 days except normal group. A positive control, indomethacin (10mg/kg, i.p.) was also tested for 28 days. During the treatment, paw volume was measured weekly once. At the end of the experiment, physical, hematological, and biochemical effects were evaluated. Results:Administration of Ventoluft at the doses of 20, 40, and 80 mg/kg b.w. p.o exhibited statistically significant (p < 0.001) inhibition of the paw edema and joint swelling, along with an increase in body weight, decrease in rheumatoid and spleen index factors. Conclusion: The results from hematological and biochemical parameters have shown that Ventoluft possesses potent anti-arthritic activity, Results obtained in the present study indicate that Ventoluft formulation has exhibited, dose-dependent improvement in FCA induced rheumatoid arthritis.
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