Development of a machine learning-based Parkinson's disease prediction system through Ayurvedic dosha analysis


  • Vinayak Majhi
  • Bishnu Choudhury
  • Goutam Saha
  • Sudip Paul



Tridosha, Logistics Regression, Dimension Reduction, XGBoost, Kernel-SVM, UPDRS-II, NMSQ


The development of a machine learning (ML) based prediction model for Parkinson's disease (PD) using Ayurvedic literature is very rare in practice. In modern era of digitization and artificial intelligence this lack leads us for developing a significant and useful predictive model for PD in light of Ayurveda. As in contemporary Ayurvedic literature, PD has not been fully classified according to all of its motor and non-motor symptoms, with the exception of Kampavata or tremor, one of the cardinal motor symptoms of PD, we have taken the help of MDS-UPDRS-II and MDS-NMSQ scaling system as an initial input for this purpose. Based on the available literature, we determined our tridosha score using these scales, which become our main inputs to the ML algorithm, along with other general health attributes such as age, sex, and BMI. We applied various ML algorithms and ranked our best ML model based on their performance. For training and testing purposes, we used the Fox Insight dataset with n = 80,916 records including PD and control. Finally, we found that Kernel-SVM, SVM, Logistics Regression (LR), and XGBoost are our four most accurate algorithms, with an accuracy more than 92.5% with no dimensionality reduction applied. Here we chose the LR model as our best ML model, depending on the lower false positive rate of 0.045 with an accuracy of 92.6%. The designed LR model is statistically significant with χ2(6) = 70703.137, p =0.000. The LR coefficient was also calculated for probability analysis and future implementation of digital Ayurveda-based PD prediction applications.

Author Biographies

Vinayak Majhi

Department of Biomedical Engineering, North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong 793022, Meghalaya, India. 

Bishnu Choudhury

Department of Kayachikitsa, North Eastern Institute of Ayurveda and Homoeopathy, Shillong, Meghalaya, India. 

Goutam Saha

Professor, Department of Information Technology, North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong, Meghalaya, India. 

Sudip Paul

Department of Biomedical Engineering, North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong, Meghalaya, India. 




How to Cite

Majhi, V., Choudhury, B., Saha, G., & Paul, S. (2023). Development of a machine learning-based Parkinson’s disease prediction system through Ayurvedic dosha analysis. International Journal of Ayurvedic Medicine, 14(1), 180–189.



Research Articles