A review of Kesha as diagnostic and prognostic tool in Ayurveda
Keywords:Kesha, Loma, Prakruta Lakshana, Pitruja Bhava, Vaikrutha Avastha
Hair is one of the essential characteristic features which not only adds beauty to the person but also helps maintain normal physiological functions, especially by excreting sweat through the Lomakupa, which is considered one of the roots of Swedavaha Strotas. It also helps in thermoregulation, protection etc. It is Pitruja Bhava and is the Mala of Asthidhatu. Depending upon the Hair conditions, one can assess some of the underlying pathological status of the body. Aims & Objectives: Review the literature concerned with Prakruta and Vikruta Lakshnas of hairs in Ayurvedic classical texts for diagnosis and prognosis of the disease. Material and Methods: Material related to Hair has been collected from Charaka Samhita, Sushruta Samhita, Astanga Samgraha, and Ashtanga Hridaya along with respective commentaries available and data associated with a topic general at different journals and books. Observations: As Kesha is one of the factors which build up a person's personality, Ayurvedic classics state the advantages of hair maintenance. In the present era, changes in lifestyle, food habits, excess use of shampoos, and hair dyes, lack of oil massage to Hair, pollution, stress and strain etc., may be the cause of different types of hair problems like Khalitya (Alopecia totalis), Palitya (premature greying of Hair) etc. Therefore a proper understanding of Prakruta Lakshanas of Kesha will help in understanding the Vaikrutha Avastha which will thus ease the line of treatment. Results: Thus, Kesha and Loma play an essential role in diagnosing the Prakruta and Vaikrutha Lakshana and help in the prognosis of the disease.
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