A Survey of Ethnomedicinal Plants used for Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) and Kidney Stone in the Nalbari, Sonitpur and Tinsukia Districts of Assam, India
Keywords:Therapeutics, Urolithiasis, Nephrolithiasis, Hyperoxaluria, Indigenous
Natural products derived from plants have essential biological parts in contradiction of many pathogenic organisms and are considered a principal source of modern synthetic drugs. A thorough field survey of ethnomedicinal plants was conducted between the months of July, 2022 to December, 2022 in three districts of Assam, namely Nalbari, Sonitpur and Tinsukia. Indigenous knowledge of the traditional medicines used for Urinary Tract Infection (UTI), Urinary Tract stones or kidney stones were gathered based on personal interviews and questionnaires. Medicinal plants with their family, local names, parts used and target diseases were documented. A total of 51 species were documented; of which, amaranthaceae family showed the highest number of species (6), followed by malvaceae (4), fabaceae (3), euphorbiaceae (3), asteraceae (3) etc. This survey revealed several effective medicinal plants that have significant pharmacogenetic properties, especially for UTI and kidney diseases.
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