Applied aspects of Dincharya – The Daily Regimen as per Ayurveda, directing towards health maintenance and disease prevention in present era
Keywords:Hypertension, Diabetes, Communicable disease, Non-Communicable disease, Dincharya
Introduction- Dinacharya means an ideal daily regimen as per Ayurveda that offers a lifestyle with beneficial physiological and psychological effects for a human body and mind. Why is it called ideal is because it harmonizes balance between body humors(Dosha),tissues(Dhatu) and wastes (Mala) power of digestion(Agni), grooms a pleasant mind, soul and sense organs and offers disease free long life. This is how health is defined by Sushruta Acharya. This idealism needs also to be understood through conceptual justification from Ayurveda. Dinacharya includes activities such waking in Bramha-muhurta (45min before sunrise), brushing teeth-Dantadhawana, Tongue cleaning-Jihva-Nirlekhan, applying corrylium-Anjana, Nasal drops-Nasya, Oilpulling-Kavala, Medicated gargles-Gandusha, Oil massaging-Abhyanga, Exercise-Vyayama, Powder massage-Udvartana, Bathing-Snana, righteous conduct-Sadvrutta and Bhojana-Rules for food consumption etc. Disregarding them have increased the ratio of non-communicable diseases, idiopathic diseases and lifestyle induced diseases like hypertension, diabetes, cardio-vascular diseases etc. Treatment options like anti-hypertensive drugs, anti-diabetic drugs, blood thinning agents etc, are expensive and have adverse reactions. Also invasive methods are preferred by people with fear of obligation for lifelong medications. This is leading to decrease in quality of life. The conceptual and applied explorative understanding of term ‘ideal’ and applying it with regimen of Dinacharya, can be aptly used to prevent above diseases in population today. Aim- To achieve health maintenance and disease prevention by obeying ideal Dinacharya. Objective-To understand the conceptual logic of idealness of a regimen and explore methods of ideal Dinacharya and justify their utility through updated researches. Materials and methods- Collecting and analyzing data from Google Scholar, PubMed, Scopus etc. Results- In Bramha-Muhurta Cortisol hormone is at its peak in 30 minutes post waking, responsible for anti-stress activity, immune-modulation and metabolic enhancement. Kavala/Gandusha decreases the plaque, gingival scores and the number of bacteria. Abhyanga normalises circadian rhythm by action on tryptophan and serotonin levels. Vyayama-studies shows that it is effective in Alzheimer’s disease, decreases blood pressure in HTN patients, decreases HbA1C in type-2 DM patients and decreases cardiovascular disease. Nasya has helped in preventing URTI and allied severe symptoms ex-COVID19, Discussion- weak immunity causes communicable diseases and disturbed metabolism causes non-communicable diseases. Conclusion -Following ideal regimen through Dinacharya activities timely corrects both these health aspects.
Keywords- Dinacharya, Non-Communicable disease, Communicable disease, Diabetes, Hypertension
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