A comparative study on the effectiveness of Pathadi churna and Protein powder in Karshya (Undernutrition) among preschool children
Keywords:Ayurveda interventions, Preschool children, Pathadi churna, Protein Powder, Karshya, Undernutrition
Introduction: Ayurveda depicts a disease named ‘Karshya’ which goes hand in hand with the clinical entity ‘Under-nutrition’ in contemporary science. Aim & Objectives: The present study aimed to compare the efficacy of ‘Pathadi churna’ and Protein Powder as oral administration in preschool children suffering from Under-nutrition. Methodology- The trial was a randomized parallel group carried out in 30 children aged 3 to 6 years presenting with the clinical features of under-nutrition who were divided into two groups equally. In Pathadi churna (group A-trial) and protein powder (control, group B), Pathadi churna and protein powder respectively was given in dosage according to age as per Young’s formula for 60 days. Results were analyzed according to frequency %, PEM (protein energy malnutrition) gradation shift, changes in assessment parameters, and the level of significance were noted by using Wilcoxon signed rank test and the Student’s paired t-test. Results- Significant results were noted in Daurabalya (~Fatigue) in both the groups whereas the Pathadi churna group showed significant results in the Agnimandya (~Lack of appetite & poor digestion), weight, weight for height, BMI, PEM gradation, and the values of hemoglobin, serum proteins & calcium. On comparing both groups, statistically significant differences were seen in Pathadi churna than Protein powder. Conclusion- Significant results were seen in Daurbalya in both the groups but on comparison more significant effects were noted for all subjective and objective criteria in the Pathadi churna group. No ADR was reported in the study. Further large sample studies with standard control would render better evidence in results with justification.
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