Fuzzy Set Qualitative methodology for identifying the Critical Process Parameters and Quality attributes in the manufacturing of Arogyavardhini Rasa
Keywords:Qualitative comparative analysis, Fuzzy set QCA, Process Analytical Technology, CPPs, Arogyavardhini, Qualitative attributes
The traditional drug manufacturing process involves numerous qualitative attributes that directly impact product quality. The Process Analytical Technology approach considers that to enhance process control, identifying critical process parameters and critical quality attributes that affect the manufacturing process is very much necessary. The Ayurvedic drug manufacturing process is more driven by fuzzy qualitative attributes. The present study was executed to identify the Critical Process Parameters and Critical Quality Attributes in the manufacturing process of a herbo-mineral formulation, viz. Arogyavardhini Rasa. Fuzzy set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fsQCA) methodology was adopted to observe and identify the critical parameters. The study was executed in three steps, viz. Data collection, Data arrangement, and Analysis. The raw data collected was arranged and analyzed in the software R studio using the package QCA in four steps, viz. Calibration, Analysis of Necessity and Sufficiency, Truth Table construction, and Minimization. The results obtained show that Size reduction, Mardana, and Drying are the identified Critical Process Parameters that, in combination, lead to the outcome, i.e., good product quality. Thus, this study proves that Fuzzy Set Qualitative Comparative Analysis can be used as an efficient tool for the identification and measurement of the Critical Process Parameters that affect the Critical Quality Attributes and, thereby, the product quality in the manufacturing of Arogyavardhini Rasa.
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